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Architects: H.J. van Tulder (1819-1903)

Hendrik Jacobus van Tulder, also known as Henri van Tulder or Henri Jacques van Tulder was born in Tilburg on the 1st of May 1819. In the 1840's he probably studied at the Royal School of Arts in Antwerpen, Belgium. From 1844 until 1846, either before or after his study, he worked in Brussel for architect Jean-Pierre Cluysenaar. In 1848 Van Tulder returned to Tilburg and started his own office. One of his first assignments was for the new town hall In his home town. Tilburg is also where in 1850 he built his first church and developed an entire neighbourhood.
Although his early works, including his first few churches, were in neo-Classical style, Van Tulder is remembered as a pioneer of neo-Gothic. He made his first use of this style in 1853, when he enlarged the church in Gemert and added a tower. Three years later he built his first complete neo-Gothic church. While these are both closely related to early neo-Gothic, most of Van Tulder's churches are in a more rationalist neo-Gothic style, although elements such as plaster vaults and ornaments were often used. A point of criticism, both during and after his life, concerned his facades which rarely indicate what's behind them. He built a total of 26 churches.
In 1889 Van Tulder moved to Laken near Brussel. Only one further work is known, a villa in Overboelare built in 1893. Van Tulder died in Schaarbeek on November the 25th 1903.

The following is a list of Van Tulder's buildings, concentrating on his churches and highlights from his other work.

 
1848-1849 Tilburg (NB): town hall

Building in neo-Classical style. Demolished in 1971.

 
1850-1851 Tilburg-Korvel (NB): church St. Dionysius

Church in neo-Classical style. Projected tower not build. Church demolished in 1923.

 
1853-1855 Gemert (NB): restoration and enlargement church St. Jans Onthoofding

Extension of the nave and addition of a richly ornamented neo-Gothic tower.

 
1854 Aarle-Rixtel (NB): town hall

 

 

 

Building in neo-Classical style.

 
1856 Esch (NB): church St. Willibrordus

Church in neo-Classical style, incorporating a 15th-century tower. Church demolished in 1889.

 
1856 Haaren (NB): church St. Lambertus

Church in neo-Classical style. Destroyed by fire in 1911.

 
1856-1858 Mierlo (NB): church St. Lucia

 

 

 

 

Basilica in early neo-Gothic style, Van Tulder's first complete church in this style.

 

1857 Berkel-Enschot (NB): tower St. Willibrordus chapel

Tower added to an older chapel. in 1910 incorporated in Jan Stuyt's new church, but in altered form.

 
1857 Rijsbergen (U): chapel Major seminary

No further details. Demolished.

 
1857-1859 Oss (NB): church O.L. Vrouw Onbevlekt Ontvangen

 

 

 

 

Van Tulder's first big church. Three-aisled cruciform basilica in neo-Gothic style with tall tower.

 
1858-1859 Wintelre (NB): tower church St. Willibrordus

 

 

 

 

Neo-Gothic tower for a neo-Classical church built in 1822. Church replaced later.

 
1858-1861 Tilburg (NB): church Sint Vincentius Paulo

Three-aisled church in early neo-Gothic style. Demolished in 1956.

 
1858 Velddriel (G): church St. Martinus

Destroyed 1944.

 
1859 Nuland (NB): church St. Johannes' Onthoofding

Destroyed 1944.

 

1859 Diessen (NB): restoration church St. Willibrordus

Details unknown.

 
1862-1867 Macharen (NB): church St. Petrus' Banden

One-aisled neo-Gothic church. 15th-century tower was incorporated and heightened with a fourth segment.

 
1864-1866 Vlijmen (NB): church St. Jans' Geboorte

Big three-aisled cruciform church in neo-Gothic style, with tower. Plaster vaults.

 
1867 Liempde (NB): church St. Johannes' Onthoofding

Three-aisled cruciform church in neo-Gothic style. The slim tower was added in 1897-1899.

 
1867-1868 Haren (NB): church St. Lambertus

 

 

 

 

Three-aisled pseudo-basilica in neo-Gothic style.

 
1868-1870 Dreumel (G): church St. Barbara






Large triple-aisled cruciform church in Neo-Gothic style. Tower added in 1925 by W. van Aalst, who slightly changed Van Tulder's design.

 
1871 Zijtaart (NB): church St. Lambertus

Three-aisled church in neo-Gothic style.

 
1871-1872 Eerde (NB): church St. Antonius Abt

Three-aisled basilican church in neo-Gothic style.

 

1872-1889 Tilburg (NB): church St. Joseph

 

 

 

 

Three-aisled cruciform church in neo-Gothic style with two towers at the front. Often regarded Van Tulder's best church.

 

1874-1880 Eindhoven-Woensel (NB): church St. Petrus

 

 

 

 

Three-aisled cruciform basilican church in neo-Gothic style. The uncompleted ower collapsed in 1875. New tower designed by L.J.P. Kooken built in 1912.

 
1874 Drunen (NB): church St. Lambertus

Three-aisled cruciform basilican church in neo-Gothic style, with richly ornamented tower. Destroyed in 1944.

 
1875 Drunen (NB): rebuilding and extension d'Oultremont castle

Renewal in neo-Gothic style. Included the addition of towers and turrets.

 
1876 Zwaagdijk (NH): church St. Joseph

Three-aisled cruciform church church in neo-Gothic style , with built-in tower. Demolished in 1954.

 

1878-1879 Elshout (NB): church St. Johannes Evangelist

 

 

 

 

Small three-aisled cruciform church in neo-Gothic style, with slim built-in tower. 

 
1879-1884 Hoog-Geldrop (NB): church HH. Maria en Brigida







Three-aisled cruciform basilica in neo-Gothic style with front tower.

 
1880 Olland (NB): church St. Martinus

Destroyed 1944.

 

1882-1883 Dommelen (NB): church St. Martinus

 

 

 

 

Small one-aisled church in neo-Gothic style. Enlarged by J. Stuyt in 1932.

 

1883-1884 Helmond-Stiphout (NB): church St. Trudo

 

 

 

 

Three-aisled cruciform basilican church in neo-Gothic style.

 

1884-1885 Eindhoven-Stratum (NB): church St. Joris

Three-aisled cruciform church in neo-Gothic style. Octagonal crossing. Van Tulder designed a tower that wasn't built. The current tower was designed by Van Tulder's former assistent J. van Gils and was built in 1910-1911.

 
1884-1885 Vught (NB): mental hospital Voorburg

No further details.

 
1885-1886 Westerhoven (NB): church St. Servatius

 

 

 

 

Originally a straight three-aisled basilica in neo-Gothic style. Transept added in 1919.

 
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