Leeuwarden (Fr): Koepelkerk (Tj. Kuipers, 1923)
Although Abraham Kuyper, leader of the
Gereformeerde Kerk, had stated that the ideal church building was a
centralized one, Tjeerd Kuipers, leading architect for this
denomination only built two such churches in his entire career. The
first was the Wilhelminakerk in Dordrecht in 1898. It took 25 years
before he built another one, this very building in Leeuwarden.
The church is built in a mix of styles. Rationalism dominates, while
several smaller details at the doors are related to Jugendstil. Many
windows, especially those at the dome, show an interest for
Expressionism, a style used by Kuipers in his last few church designs.
The ground-plan consists of a polygonal central space with a dome, with
three arms around it, each with a big rose-window. These arms are
arranged in the shape of an arrow, the ones at the sides of the church
pointing towards the front. The spaces in between these arms are filled